Caleb University, Imota, Lagos was given provisional license by the Federal Government of Nigeria to operate as a private University on May 17, 2007. The Proprietor of the University is Caleb International College Ltd with Dr. Ola Adebogun as the Chairman, and Visitor of the University.
The University commenced full academic activities on January 21, 2008 with admission into three Colleges — College of Environmental Sciences and Management (COLENSMA), College of Pure and Applied Sciences (COPAS), and College of Social and Management Sciences (COSOMAS). The University started operations in January 2008 from its approved Take-Off Site on Ikosi GRA, off CMD Road from where it moved to the 110-hectare permanent site at Km 15 Ikorodu-Itoikin Road, Imota, Lagos in November 2009. The University has produced 11 sets of graduates who have been mobilized in succession for the one-year mandatory National Youth Service Scheme, from 2011.
In 2012, the National Universities Commission approved the commencement of Part-Time programmes at the Caleb Business School (CBS) and the take –off of the College of Postgraduate Studies (COPOS), beginning with the MSc Degree in Architecture in March 2013. The College of Education (COLED) was approved by the National Universities Commission (NUC) in August, 2018 and the College of Law was approved by both the NUC and the Council of Legal Education in 2021.